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So, spasms in the esophagus can occur in humans quite often. Although in most cases they pass, and the patient recovers, still the disease should not be left unattended. Diet modifications and medical treatment as prescribed by a doctor help restore a healthy condition of aldactone pills. Why does esophageal spasm occur? symptoms and treatment Link to main publication.

Esophagospasm is a neuromuscular disease of the esophagus, accompanied by spastic contractions of its wall without disturbing the opening of the cardia to the pharynx. Historical reference. The first report on diffuse spasm of the esophagus belongs to Baille (1799). Esophagospasm is diagnosed in 4-8% of all cases of functional diseases of the esophagus. Om is more often observed in women of middle and advanced age.

Diffuse spasm of the esophagus is a dysmotility of the esophagus, in which periodically there are uncoordinated spastic contractions of the smooth muscles of the esophagus while maintaining the normal tone of the lower esophageal sphincter and its reflex opening during swallowing.

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Segmental esophagospasm (nutcracker esophagus) - develops if the amplitude of muscle contractions of aldactone is more than 2 times higher than normal. The process of coordination of contractile contractions of the muscles of the esophagus is not disturbed. Primary (idiopathic) esophagospasm - organic changes in the nervous system. Secondary (reflex) esophagospasm - accompanies such diseases as GERD, esophagitis, hiatal hernia, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, cholelithiasis, in which the esophageal mucosa is damaged. The main manifestations of esophagospasm are chest pain and dysphagia (swallowing disorders).

Pain in the chest occurs against the background of spastic contraction of smooth muscles. They can occur both spontaneously, at rest, and when swallowing food or saliva. Dysphagia occurs when taking both liquid and solid foods.

When conducting manometry of the esophagus, spastic contractions of the walls of the esophagus are detected in the form of waves of various shapes and amplitudes, episodes of normal peristalsis, reflex relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, its incomplete relaxation.

To prevent symptoms of the disease, regular fractional meals are recommended (at least 4-6 times a day).day), and, if possible, the use of liquid or mushy food. Too cold or too hot food, carbonated drinks, acidic juices, coarse fiber (cabbage, apples, etc.) should be excluded from the diet.

It should be aimed at eliminating spasm of smooth muscles and restoring normal peristalsis of the esophagus. Most patients require sedatives or antidepressants.

Esophageal dyskinesia is a violation of its motor (motor) function, which consists in a change in the movement of food from the pharynx to buy aldactone online in the absence of organic lesions of the esophagus.

Disturbances in the motor function of the esophagus lead to a delay or slowdown in the movement of food into the stomach or to the appearance of its retrograde movement.

Depending on the mechanisms of violation of the motor activity of the esophagus, two variants of esophagospasm are distinguished.

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Some authors, in addition, distinguish hyperkinetic and hypokinetic variants of the disease, presented in the following classification (Trukhmanov A.S., 1997). 1. Violations of the peristalsis of the thoracic esophagus.

Hypokinetic variants of esophageal dyskinesias in origin are mainly secondary to buy spironolactone pills esophageal pathology. They are accompanied by GER GER - gastroesophageal reflux In detail of varying severity and its complications such as esophagitis, aspiration pneumonia, frequent bronchitis, etc. Primary weakening of muscle tone and peristalsis of the esophagus sometimes occurs with long-term diabetes mellitus, against the background of taking M-cholinolytics, calcium antagonists.

The etiology of diffuse spasm of the esophagus is unknown. Depending on the mechanisms of violation of the motor activity of the esophagus, two variants of esophagospasm are distinguished. Hyperkinetic variants of esophageal dyskinesia are accompanied by an increase in the tone and motility of spironolactone both during swallowing and outside it. Age predominantly between 30 and 70 years of age.

Heartburn occurs in 20% of patients. Daily monitoring of pH in the lower third of the esophagus reveals episodes of GER, as evidenced by a drop in pH below 4. The total number of refluxes, the number of episodes lasting more than 5 minutes, the duration of the largest episode, the average duration of reflux, the total study time during which the pH value was below 4.

It is possible to use the method of intraesophageal impedansometric diagnostics of the motor function of the esophagus. Required Research. general blood analysis. Additional Research. biochemical blood test (total protein, glucose, ALT, AST, amylase, alkaline phosphatase).

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Non-drug treatment involves the prevention of increased intra-abdominal pressure. patients should avoid performing frequent bending of the torso, lifting weights, overeating. Surgical treatment It is carried out only in some patients with a severe course of the disease and with the ineffectiveness of complex dietary drug therapy. Emotionally stable patients have the best results of surgical treatment. Diffuse spasm of the esophagus treatment.

Transportation of food from the mouth to the stomach passes through the esophagus. If the peristalsis of spironolactone pills is functioning normally, then the food bolus easily and quickly reaches the stomach. In case of violation of its activity, a spasm occurs. Food moves with difficulty through the esophagus, causing pain. The individual is concerned about heaviness and pressure in the throat, chest as a result of a spasm of the esophagus. How to remove it and how to alleviate the condition? This will be discussed in the article.

The disease is manifested by retrosternal pain, belching, dysphagia, heartburn. Treatment is mainly conservative, aimed at reducing intra-abdominal pressure and esophageal myotonus, and dietary nutrition is also indicated.


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